Royal Orders and Decorations
|The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (1725)||The Knight or Dame of the Grand Order of the Bath is a British order of chivalry founded by George I. The name derives from the
ancient ceremony where individuals participated in a vigil of
fasting, prayer and bathing on the day before being knighted.
After 1815 the number of classes and members were increased several times; the Order now includes three classes in civil and military divisions, which in order of seniority are:
Knight or Dame Grand Cross (GCB)
Knight or Dame Commander (KCB or DCB)
Most Noble Order of the Garter (1348)
|An exclusive English order of chivalry awarded by the reigning monarch as either a Knight (KG) or a Lady (LG) of the Garter.|
|His/Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Councillor (Circa 600AD)||A member of the PC is one of a body of advisors to the reigning British Sovereign. Formerly, the Council was a powerful institution, but is now largely ceremonial. Most of its power is held by one of its committees, the British Government Cabinet.|
|The Most Illustrious Order of Saint Patrick (1783)||An order of chivalry associated with Ireland. The Order was created by George III. The regular creation of knighthoods of St Patrick lasted until 1922, when Eire (Southern Ireland) became independent. While the Order technically still exists, no knighthood of St Patrick has been created since 1934, and the last surviving knight died in 1974.|
|The Most Exalted Order of the Star of India (1861)||Is an order of chivalry founded by Queen Victoria. The
Order includes members of three classes:|
1: Knight Grand Commander (GCSI)
2: Knight Commander (KCSI)
3: Companion (CSI)
No appointments have been made since 1947.
|The Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle (1687)||An order of chivalry associated with Scotland. While its original date of foundation is unknown, James VII (who was also known in England as King James II) instituted the "modern" Order in 1687.|
|The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (1917)||Miscellaneous order (military and civil), anyone can qualify.
Knight/Dame Grand Cross (GBE)
|The Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George (1818)||Awarded to Diplomats and Colonial Service personnel.
Knight/Dame Grand Cross (GCMG)
|The Distinguished Service Order (1886)||Awarded to Military officers in wartime.|
|The Royal Victorian Order (1896)||Services to the Crown.
Knight/Dame Grand Cross (GCVO)
|The Order of Merit (1902)||Awarded to the Military, science, art, literature and culture.
|The Order of the Companions of Honour (1917)||Reserved for the arts, science, politics, industry and religion.
|Victoria Cross (1856)||British Empire/ Commonwealth and allied Military personnel for "... most conspicuous bravery, or some daring or pre-eminent act of valour or self-sacrifice, or extreme devotion to duty in the presence of the enemy."|
|George Cross (1940)||Commonwealth subjects for "... acts of the greatest heroism or of the most conspicuous courage in circumstances of extreme danger."|
|Elizabeth Cross (2009)||Awarded to the recognised next of kin of members of the British Armed Forces killed in action or as a result of a terrorist attack since the end of the Second World War.|
|Conspicuous Gallantry Cross (1993)||British and allied forces for "... an act or acts of conspicuous gallantry during active operations against the enemy."|
|Distinguished Service Cross (1901)||British, (formerly) Commonwealth and allied forces at sea for "... gallantry during active operations against the enemy."|
|Military Cross (1914)||British, (formerly) Commonwealth, and allied forces on land for "... gallantry during active operations against the enemy."|
|Distinguished Flying Cross (1918)||British, (formerly) Commonwealth, and allied forces in the air for "... gallantry during active operations against the enemy."|
|Air Force Cross (1918)||British, (formerly) Commonwealth, and allied air forces for "... gallantry while flying but not on active operations against the enemy."|
These are the main decorations given out. Don't forget that in the British Military Officers get Crosses, "Other Ranks" get Medals.